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全民健身指数研究——基于省级实证数据的考察
王殿玺,罗士泂
(北京体育大学,北京 100084)
摘要:
运用文献资料法、指标构建法、层次分析法和统计分析法,遵循概念分析-评价指标-指标权重-实证检验的路径,开发创新性量化评价工具“全民健身指数”,用以科学、准确、全面、客观监测全民健身计划实施和发展状况。全民健身指数的评价指标体系由4个一级指标、9个二级指标、19个三级指标构成,各级评价指标均经过加权处理。利用省级数据对该指标体系进行信效度检验,显示其具有较高的信度和效度,可作为衡量全民健身实践效果的有效标尺。全民健身指数评价结果显示,全国全民健身指数的平均得分尚未达到优秀等级,仍有进步空间。东部经济发达省份的全民健身指数位居前列,而经济不够发达的中西部省份则排名靠后,需正视和缩小不同区域全民健身发展差距。进一步分析显示,健身行为和健身效果得分较高,而健身环境和健身保障得分较低,应进一步加强公共健身设施建设、健全体育健身社会组织、促进健身科学指导和加大政策支持与资金投入力度,切实满足人民群众的健身需求。
关键词:  全民健身  全民健身指数  体育发展评估  层次分析法
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-10-04
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“三大球项目精神文化建设研究”(2022QN014);北京社科基金青年项目“国家视角下北京‘双奥’遗产保护开发利用研究”(23YTC048)
Research on Public Fitness Index ——Investigation Based on Empirical Data at the Provincial Level
WANG Dianxi,LUO Shijiong
(Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084 , China)
Abstract:
By using the methods of literature, index construction, analytic hierarchy process and statistical analysis, following the path of concept deconstruction-evaluation index-index weight-empirical test, this paper develops an innovative quantitative evaluation tool “public fitness index” to scientifically, accurately, comprehensively and objectively monitor the implementation and development of the National Fitness Program. The evaluation index system of the public fitness index consists of 4 first-level indicators, 9 second-level indicators, and 19 third-level indicators, and all of which are weighted. Using provincial data to test the reliability and validity of the index system, it shows that it has high reliability and validity, and can be used as an effective tool to measure the effect of National Fitness Program. The evaluation results show that the average score of the public fitness index has not yet reached the excellent level, and there is still room for improvement. The public fitness index of the economically developed provinces in the east ranks higher, while the central and western provinces with less developed economy rank lower. Therefore, it is necessary to face up to and narrow the gap in the development of national fitness in different regions. Further analysis shows that the scores of fitness behavior and fitness effect are higher, while the scores of fitness environment and fitness security are lower. It is necessary to further strengthen the construction of public fitness facilities, improve the social organization of physical fitness, promote scientific guidance of fitness and increase policy support and capital investment to effectively meet the fitness needs of the people.
Key words:  national fitness  public fitness index  sports development evaluation  analytic hierarchy process

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