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基于全方位价值契约理论的营地领导力提升策略
吴阳
0
(1.北京体育大学 体育休闲与旅游学院,北京100084; 2.北京体育大学 户外运动研究中心,北京100084)
摘要:
营地教育作为学校教育的重要补充,已经日益引起社会和家庭的广泛关注。营地教育参与者的特点和课程本身的性质,决定了其开展过程中容易引发一些人际矛盾和户外危险。作为营地教育重要因素的营地导师,可以借助全方位价值契约来进行处理和防范,进而提升自身的领导力水平。研究认为:营地导师在运用价值契约处理问题过程中,应着力提升沟通协调能力,妥善处理营员之间的冲突和矛盾;提升引导能力,使营员认识到个体差异性;提升风险防控能力,杜绝各类风险事故的发生。旨在为圆满完成营地教育任务,实现教育目标提供参考。
关键词:  营地教育;全方位价值契约理论;营地领导力;户外运动;沟通;引导;风险防控
DOI:
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助课题“我国户外领导力结构模型研究”(2019QD027)
The Promotion Strategy of Camp Leadership in China Based on the Theory of All round Value Contract
WU Yang
(1.Sport Recreation and Tourism College,Beijing Sport University,Beijing 100084,China; 2.Center of Outdoor Sports, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084,China)
Abstract:
Camp education has attracted more and more attention from society and families as an important supplement to school education. The characteristics of the participants in the camp education and the nature of the course itself determine that it is easy to cause some interpersonal conflicts and outdoor dangers in the process of activities. As an important factor of camp education, the camp tutor can deal with and prevent with the help of allround value contract to improve their leadership level.The research shows that the camp tutor should strive to improve the ability of communication and coordination to handle the conflicts and contradictions among campers in the process of using value contract to deal with problems.He should also enhance the ability of guidance to make campers realize the individual differences and improve the ability of risk prevention and control to put an end to all kinds of risk accidents.
Key words:  camp education; all round value contract theory; camp leadership; outdoor sports;communication; guidance; risk prevention and control

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