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快速伸缩复合训练对大学生篮球运动员 上下肢爆发力的影响效果研究
车同同
0
(首都体育学院,北京100191)
摘要:
目的:验证快速伸缩复合训练对篮球运动员上下肢爆发力的影响。方法:以20名男性大学篮球运动员为研究对象,对其进行为期7周、每周3次的跳深、跳箱和双手传实心球训练,并进行跳深、跳投、20 m直线冲刺跑、20 m变向跑、双手胸前传球等项目测试,采用独立样本T检验(双侧)对训练前后相关指标进行分析。结果:7周训练后,跳深和跳投起跳高度有所提升但差异不显著(P>005),跳深和跳投时脚与地面的接触时间均显著缩短(P<005);20 m直线冲刺跑的平均速度有所增加但差异不显著(P>005),20 m变向跑的整体平均速度的提高非常显著(P<001),各区间平均速度没有显著性变化,但变向瞬间脚触地时间显著缩短(P<001);运动员双手胸前传球速度都较训练前极显著地提升(P<0001),球与手接触的时间也显著缩短(P<005)。结论:上下肢快速伸缩复合训练能够显著提高篮球运动员的上下肢爆发力。
关键词:  快速伸缩复合训练;篮球运动员;跳跃;步伐移动;胸前传球;训练效果
DOI:
基金项目:
A Study on Effects of Plyometricon Explosive Strength of Upper and Lower Limbs in College Basketball Players
CHE Tongtong
(Capital University of Physical Education and Sport,Beijing 100191,China)
Abstract:
Objective: To verify the effect of plyometric training on the explosive force of the upper and lower limbs of basketball players.Methods:Twenty male college basketball players are taken as the research objects, and they are trained in jumping depth, box jumping and two handed passing solid ball three times a week for seven weeks. They are tested in jumping depth, jumping shot, 20 m straightline sprint, 20 m direction changing, two handed chest passing and other items. Relevant indexes before and after training Ttest (both sides) are analyzed with independent samples. Results:The depth of jump and the height of jump shot increased but there was no significant difference (P>005).The average speed of 20 meters in a straight line increased without any significance (P>005), while the overall average speed of 20m direction running increased significantly (P<001). The average speed of each interval did not change significantly, and the time of touching the ground of the changing foot decreased significantly (P<001). The initial speed of the twohanded chest pass with or without running was significantly improved (P<0001), and the time of hand touch was significantly decreased (P<005).Conclusion: The explosive force of the upper and lower limbs of basketball players can be significantly improved by plyometric training of the upper and lower limbs.
Key words:  plyometric training; basketball players; jump; footwork; chest pass; training effect

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