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指向核心素养的体育教学及其策略选择
李文
0
(汕尾市体育运动学校,广东 汕尾516600)
摘要:
核心素养的本质规定着体育教学的目标预设超越了单纯的运动技能掌握,其学理支撑无外乎两方面:一是体育课程对人的发展性与课程教学中的过程性因素的相互促进,在深度参与教学过程中以强健体魄为出发点,通过师生共同建构的体验性、过程性教学样式获得对身体认知的把握;二是体育课程对人的期许性与课程教学的结果性因素的吻合,强调课程教学的架构超越体育学科知识的限定与生活经验发生关联,进而促进个体意义的深化拓展。相应的,教学中的课堂样式也发生了理论上的转换,表现出从“静态预设”到“动态生成”、从“学科注重”到“经验观照”、从“身体规训”到“自由身体”的特质。具体而言,在单元教学设计中需要厘清关键要素,实现运动项目的精确化处理、运动项目情景教学的过程性把控、评价手段的多元化选择。
关键词:  体育核心素养;情景教学;运动技能;过程性体验
DOI:
基金项目:
Physical Education Teaching Oriented to Core Accomplishments and Its Strategy Choice
LI Wen
(Shanwei Sports School, Shanwei 516600, China)
Abstract:
The essence of core accomplishment stipulates that the goal of physical education teaching is to surpass the simple mastery of sports skills. Its theoretical support can be divided into two aspects. The first is the mutual promotion of physical education course to human development and process factors in course teaching. In the process of deep participation in teaching, we take physical fitness as the starting point and gain a grasp of body cognition through the experience and process teaching style jointly constructed by teachers and students.Secondly, the expectation of physical education curriculum to people coincides with the result factors of curriculum teaching emphasizing that the framework of curriculum teaching goes beyond the limit of physical education subject knowledge and related to life experience to promote the deepening and expansion of individual significance. Accordingly, the classroom style in teaching has also changed in theory, showing the characteristics from static presupposition to dynamic generation, from subject focus to experience observation, from body discipline to free body.Specifically, in the design of unit teaching, we need to clarify the key elements, accurately deal with the content of sports events, and control the process experience of situational teaching and the choice of multiple evaluation means.
Key words:  sports core accomplishment; situational teaching;sports skills;process experience

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