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足球道德: 一种贯穿于东西方球迷心理中的恒定秩序
路云亭
0
(上海体育学院 传媒与艺术学院,上海200438)
摘要:
足球并非一种古典式身体修炼方式,作为群体运动,它具备了凝聚人心的功能,现代工业化社会所提倡的团队精神在足球的世界里得以回应。足球传入中国后,足球的道德律立即派生出高度的实用主义意蕴,并逐渐使得中国球迷衍生一种冲出亚洲、走向世界的工具理性,足球由此成为中国球迷的道德器具。在道德主义的语境下,足球在很多中国球迷的心目中成了实用之物,这背离了足球的本义。足球的道德性与宗教性有差异,具体体现在喜剧性与悲剧性的差异层面。中国人认为足球是喜剧,并由此萌生足球有德的理念;西方人认为足球是悲剧,只有救赎功能。中国人认为足球是道德,而西方人认为足球是宗教。近代以来中国足球界所存在的诸多特殊现象都源于此认知矛盾。足球原本是一种苦难的象征,可以给球迷带来自我救赎的体验,这便是足球的本意,也是足球超越工具理性的地方。
关键词:  足球道德;实用主义;工具理性;宗教;喜剧;悲剧
DOI:
基金项目:
Soccer Morality:A Constant Order Permeating the Minds of fans in the East and the West
LU Yunting
(The School of Media and Arts, Shanghai University of Sport,Shanghai 200438,China)
Abstract:
Football is not a classical way of physical training which has the function of uniting people’s hearts as a group sport. The team spirit advocated by modern industrialized society can be responded in the world to football.The moral law of football immediately derived a high degree of pragmatism, and gradually made Chinese fans derive a kind of instrumental rationality that rushed out of Asia and went to the world after the introduction to football into China, thus football became the moral instrument of Chinese fans.Football has become a practical thing in the eyes of many Chinese fans in the context of moralism, which deviates from the original meaning of football.There are differences between morality and religion in football, which are embodied in differences between comedy and tragedy.Chinese people think football is a comedy and the concept of morality comes into being. Westerners think football is a tragedy and the only function is redemption. Chinese people think football is moral while Westerners think it is religion.Many special phenomena in Chinese football field have originated from this cognitive contradiction since modern times.Football is originally a symbol of suffering, which can bring the experience of selfredemption to the fans. This is the original intention of football and the place where football transcends instrumental rationality.
Key words:  football morality; pragmatism; instrumental rationality; religion; comedy; tragedy

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