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中国奥林匹克研究的回顾与展望
李佳宝
0
(沈阳体育学院,沈阳110102)
摘要:
运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,以中国奥林匹克运动发展的历史节点为依据,将中国奥林匹克研究分为5个阶段进行梳理、回顾。前2个阶段为奥林匹克研究的孕育期(1978年以前)和萌芽期(1979—1987年)。进入发展期(1988-2000年),奥林匹克研究从体育史学中独立出来,产生了以申办促普及、由普及促学术的效果,研究以奥林匹克运动“为我所用”的方向展开。随着北京申奥成功,奥林匹克研究进入高潮期(2001—2008年),北京奥运会残奥会成为最热议题,奥林匹克研究队伍快速壮大,研究成果更加多元。2009年之后步入沉淀期,开启“后奥运时代”相关研究,从解决自身实践需求转向关注国际奥林匹克事业发展。但需要指出,既有研究成果存在紧跟时事却脱离实需、成果丰富却理论贫乏、全面铺展却传播有限等方面的不足。提出,要回应奥林匹克运动可持续发展中的问题,强调“后奥林匹克主义”下的反思与重建,关照弱势群体的奥林匹克参与权利,扎根中国实践、树立问题意识;提高奥林匹克研究国际学术话语权,开展过往研究经验总结与重新定位,规范学术标准,为国际奥林匹克发展贡献中国智慧。
关键词:  奥林匹克研究;奥林匹克运动;奥运会;后奥林匹克主义;弱势群体;中国智慧;回顾;展望
DOI:
基金项目:
Review and Prospect of Olympic Studies in China
LI Jiabao
(Shenyang Sport University,Shenyang 110102, China)
Abstract:
The study of China’s Olympic Games is divided into five stages based on the historical node of the development of China’s Olympic movement by using the methods of literature and logical analysis. The first two stages are the gestation period (before 1978) and germination period (1979—1987) of Olympic studies. In the period of development (1988—2000), Olympic research has been independent from sports history, which has produced the effect of promoting popularization by bidding and academic promotion by popularization. The research has been carried out in the direction of “work for me” of the Olympic movement. With the success of Beijing’s bid for the Olympic Games, the Olympic research has entered a climax (2001—2008). The Paralympic Games of Beijing Olympic Games have become the hottest topic and the Olympic research team has grown rapidly with the research results becoming more diverse. We stepped into the precipitation period after 2009 starting the research of “Post Olympic era” and shifted from solving our own practical needs to focusing on the development of International Olympic cause. However, it needs to be pointed out that the existing research results have some shortcomings, such as following the current events but departing from the actual needs, rich in results but lacking in theory, comprehensive spread but limited in communication. It is proposed that we should respond to the problems in the sustainable development of the Olympic movement, emphasize the reflection and reconstruction under the “Post Olympism”, pay attention to the rights of the vulnerable groups to participate in the Olympic Games, take root in China’s practice, and establish the awareness of research issues. We should also improve the international academic discourse power of Olympic research, carry out the summary and reorientation of past research experience, standardize academic standards, and contribute Chinese wisdom to the development of the International Olympic Games.
Key words:  Olympic studies;Olympic movement;Olympic Games;Post Olympism; vulnerable groups; Chinese wisdom; review; prospect

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