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论“武化教育”对学校体育的补给作用
晏骏
(广东第二师范学院 体育学院,广州510303)
摘要:
对学校体育教育过程中的实然之境与应然之境进行研判,通过文献资料与逻辑分析对“武化教育”内涵进行深入挖掘,认为:“武化教育”是个体从“术”至“道”过程中的“修炼”方式,它是摆脱野蛮而对人的一种“修饰”,注重培养对象的“灵与肉”和谐统一,其不在于知识灌输,而在于通过“武”的手段达到对人生意义之“觉”“悟”的亲切指点。“武化教育”对当今的学校体育具有重要的补给作用:对学生的补给体现在对“德”的培固从“有”到“全”,对“智”的涵养从“一”到“多”,对“体”的养护从“量”到“质”,对“美”的转向从“外拓”到“内聚”;对教师的补给体现促进教育理念从“行为主义”向“建构主义”演进,教育模式从“传统”向“现代”迈进,教师培养由“粗放”向“集约”转向;对体育课程补给体现在对运动认知的自明、健康行为的自省、体育品德的自觉。
关键词:  武化教育  学校体育  补给  学生  教师  体育课程
DOI:
基金项目:广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划课题(GD16XTY19);广东第二师范学院高等教育教学改革项目(2018jxgg23);国家体育总局武术研究院院管青年项目(WSH2019C005)
On the Supply of “Martial Education” to School Physical Education
YAN Jun
(School of Physical Education, Guangdong University of Education, Guangzhou 510303, China)
Abstract:
This paper makes a research and judgement on the situation of “ought to be” and “to be” in physical education in schools exploring the connotation of military education based on the literature and logical analysis. “Martial arts education” is a way for individuals to “cultivate” in the process from “art” to “Tao”. It is a kind of “modification” for people to get rid of barbarism and pay attention to the harmonious unity of “spirit and flesh” of the training object. It does not lie in the indoctrination of knowledge, but in the realization of the “sense” and “understanding” of the meaning of life through “martial arts”.“Martial education” plays an important role in the supply for school physical education today. The supply for students is reflected in the cultivation of “morality” from “having” to “all”, the cultivation of “intelligence” from “one” to “many”, the maintenance of “body” from “quantity” to “quality”, and the transformation of “beauty” from “extension” to “cohesion”.The supply for teachers promotes the evolution of education concept from “behaviorism” to “constructivism”, education mode from “tradition” to “modern”, and teacher training from “extensive” to “intensive”.The supply for physical education curriculum is reflected in selfawareness of sports cognition, selfexamination of healthy behavior and selfconsciousness of sports morality.
Key words:  martial education  school sports  supply  students  teachers  physical education curriculum

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