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清代《易筋经》市隐斋本与来章氏本比较研究
杨红光
(郑州大学 体育学院,郑州450044)
摘要:
在《易筋经》众多版本中,市隐斋本和来章氏本是目前所知的两个最早刻本,也是辑录“易筋十二式”和附有完整《洗髓经》的两个版本。通过对两个版本的对比分析得出如下结论:从市隐斋本的则数和正文内容的变化,可以看出《易筋经》不断增衍的发展轨迹;从两个版本“十二势图”的对比,可以看出《易筋经》从道家文化到佛家文化归属的重要转变;两个版本在序跋及正文内容上有着不小的差别,包括具体的功法要领、服药方式、遣词用字等,其原因多与版本传抄过程中的错讹有关;两个版本都附录有《洗髓经》的完整内容,正文内容略有差别,在封面、目录及跋文方面则存在较大差别。
关键词:  《易筋经》  市隐斋本  来章氏本  “十二势图”  《洗髓经》
DOI:
基金项目:2015年国家社科基金项目“明清少林武术古籍珍本校释”阶段性成果(15BTY003)
A Comparative Study on Editions of Shiyinzhai and Laizhang of Yijinjing in Qing Dynasty
YANG Hongguang
(School of Physical Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450044 , China)
Abstract:
Among many editions of the Yijinjing, Shiyinzhai and Laizhang are the two earliest ones known at present, which are also the collection of the Twelve Yijins and the complete Xisuijing. The following conclusions are drawn by the comparative analysis of the two versions. We can see the development track of continuous derivation of Yijinjing from the change of the number and the content of the text of Shiyinzhai and the important culture transformation of Yijinjing from Taoist to Buddhist by the comparison of “Twelve Potential Diagrams”. There are many differences between the two versions in the preface, postscript and the main body including the specific function essentials, the way of taking medicine, the choice of words and so on due to the mistakes in the process of copy. The two editions both have the complete contents of Xisuijing in Appendix and the main contents are slightly different, but there are great differences in the front cover, contents and postscript.
Key words:  Yijinjing  Shiyinzhai edition  Laizhangshi edition  Twelve Potential Diagrams

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