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体育意识中主我与客我的辩证关系——对“去角色化”体育行为的思考
孙旭静
0
(中原工学院信息商务学院 基础学科部,郑州451191)
摘要:
以符号互动理论奠基人米德关于自我的阐述及黑格尔的哲学思想为理论依据,以体育行为中的角色模仿为切入点,探讨体育运动中个人自我意识的发展。认为,通过模仿动作以及角色,个人才能够获得运动技能,促进体育行为发生。同时角色也会对体育运动产生消极影响,体育行为主体会尝试突破和脱离角色。随着体育比赛经验的增加,动作技能会明显的“去角色化”,这是自我意识中主我与客我意识的运动造成的。主我意识具有创造性和不确定性,同时也有隐蔽性和主导性的特点,客我意识具有稳定性、循规蹈矩的特点。运动技能初学者客我意识发挥主要作用,促进了运动技能的固定;而在体育竞赛中,主我意识逐渐发展与成熟,主我意识与客我意识互相融合,标志着体育意识归于理性。体育运动本质是人们在意识层面的符号互动,进而促进个人和社会协调发展。
关键词:  体育意识;自我意识;主我;客我;角色扮演;符号互动
DOI:
基金项目:
The Dialectical Relationship between “I” and “ME” in Sports Consciousness——Thoughts on the “De role” Sports Behavior
SUN Xujing
(Department of Basic Disciplines, School of Information Business, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 451191, China)
Abstract:
Based on Mead’s explanation of self and Hegel’s philosophy, this paper discusses the development of individual selfconsciousness in sports from the perspective of role imitation in sports. It is believed that only by imitating actions and roles can individuals acquire sports skills and promote sports behaviors. At the same time, the role will also have a negative impact on sports, and the main body of sports behavior will try to break through and break away from the role. With the increase of sports experience, the movement skills will be obviously “derole”, which is caused by the selfconsciousness between the “I”and “me”. The“I” consciousness has the characteristics of creativity and uncertainty, as well as concealment and dominance. The “me” consciousness has the characteristics of stability and compliance. The “me” consciousness of beginners of sports skills plays a major role in promoting the fixation of sports skills; in sports competitions, the “I”consciousness gradually develops and matures, and the“I”and “me” consciousness consciousness merge with each other, indicating that sports consciousness belongs to rationality. The essence of sports is people’s symbolic interaction on the level of consciousness, which promotes the coordinated development of individuals and society.
Key words:  sports consciousness; self consciousness; “I” consciousness;“me” consciousness; role play; symbolic interaction

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