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不同经验水平教师大学健美操课堂教学行为的 系统观察研究
黄志剑
0
(湖北大学 体育学院)
摘要:
目的:比较不同经验水平教师在大学健美操课堂教学中教学行为可能存在的差异,为总结有效教学行为规律,促进体育教师教学能力培养提供实证支持。方法:使用系统观察法,在已有研究基础上开发编制健美操课堂教学系统观察工具,结合Obsever系统行为观察软件工具,分别对专家组和新手组教师的9次大学健美操课堂共计904分钟内的教学行为进行记录与分析,比较两组教师教学行为的差异。结果:两组教师在指导、沉默、慢速示范、常速示范等教学行为的时间百分比和批评、肢体协助等行为的使用频率方面呈现显著差异,在其他一些教学行为上也存在接近显著水平的差异。结论:不同经验水平教师在健美操课堂教学中表现出不同的教学行为模式,这与已有研究的主要结论基本一致,有助于今后对这些差异的成因及教学效果进一步研究,并为系统观察法在体育教学行为研究中的应用提供了借鉴。
关键词:  健美操;课堂教学;教学行为;系统观察;专家;新手
DOI:
基金项目:
A Systematic Observation on the Teaching Behavior of College Aerobics Classes for Teachers with Different Experience Levels
HUANG Zhijian
(School of Physical Education, Hubei University)
Abstract:
Objective: To compare the possible differences of teaching behavior of teachers with different experience levels in college Aerobics classes, and to provide empirical support for summarizing effective teaching behavior rules and promoting the cultivation of teaching ability of P.E. teachers. Methods: Based on the existing research, a systematic observation tool for aerobics class teaching is applied. Combining with Obsever system behavior observation software tool, the teaching behavior of nine college aerobics classes of expert group and novice group teachers in a total of 904 minutes is recorded and analyzed, and the differences of teaching behavior between the two groups are compared. Results: There are significant differences between the two groups in the percentage of time spent on instruction, silence, slow demonstration and normalspeed demonstration, and in the frequency of use of criticism and limb assistance as well. There are also nearly equally significant differences in other teaching behaviors. Conclusion: Teachers with different levels of experience show different teaching behavior patterns in aerobics class teaching, which is basically consistent with the main conclusions of previous studies. It is helpful to further studies for the causes of these differences and for teaching effects in the future, and it can provide a reference for the application of systematic observation method in the study of physical education teaching behavior.
Key words:  aerobics; class teaching; teaching behavior; systematic observation; expert; novice

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