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足球踢球动作技能学习中背景干扰效应的实验研究
余方亮
0
(南京体育学院 ;江苏省校园足球研究中心)
摘要:
目的:探讨初学者在足球踢球动作技能学习过程中是否存在背景干扰效应,并分析原因。方法:以足球脚背内侧踢定位球动作技能作为学习任务,选取某大学足球专修班的33名学生为研究对象,分成对照组和两个实验组,进行10周的体育教学现场实验,对一周后保持测试的达标和技评成绩进行单因素方差分析。结果:三组保持测试的达标和技评成绩均值,在0.05水平上差异不具有显著性。结论:实验结果未能出现背景干扰效应,未能验证本研究提出的研究假设和背景干扰效应假说的最主要原因是,足球脚背内侧踢定位球的复杂性任务特征。
关键词:  背景干扰效应;足球;踢球动作技能学习;复杂性任务
DOI:
基金项目:南京体育学院2018年度校级教改研究课题
An Experimental Study on the Effect of Background Interference in the Learning of Football Kicking Skills
YU Fang-liang
(School of Football, Nanjing Sport Institut;Jiangsu Campus Football Research Center)
Abstract:
Abstract:Objective: To explore whether there is background interference effect in the learning process of football kicking skills for beginners, and to analyze the reasons. Methods: Learning task is set as the movement skills of kicking placement by the inner edge of instep. 33 students of football specialty class in a university are selected as the study subjects. They are divided into control group and two experimental groups. The field experiment of sports teaching is conducted for 10 weeks. One-way ANOVA is used to analyze the results of keeping the test up to the standard and technical evaluation after one week. Result: There is no significant difference between the three groups at the level of 0.05. Conclusion: The experimental results fail to show the background interference effect. The main reason for the failure to verify the research hypothesis and the hypothesis of background interference effect proposed in this study is the complexity of the task characteristics of placement kick by inner edge of instep.
Key words:  background interference effect; football; kicking skill learning; complex tasks

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