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复合式对照训练对高校高水平男子足球运动员下肢爆发力的影响
陈哲,赵峰,胡娟
(南京财经大学 体育部,南京 210023;南京体育学院 体育产业与休闲学院,南京 210014)
摘要:
目的:探讨在常规足球训练计划中增加复合式对照训练对高校高水平男子足球运动员下肢爆发力的影响。方法:16名参与者被随机划分为进行复合式对照训练加常规足球训练的实验组(n=8)和进行常规足球训练的对照组(n=8),实验干预为期6周,每周3次。复合式对照训练采取高负荷阻力训练与低负荷增强式训练结合的方案,训练内容包括杠铃深蹲结合深蹲跳、罗马尼亚硬拉结合壶铃摇摆、杠铃弓步蹲结合杠铃弓步跳。通过直线冲刺(30 m)、立定跳远、摆臂纵跳和灵敏测试(T型)来评估比较两组的训练效果。结果:经过6周的训练,实验组各项测试指标的成绩均有显著性提高,对照组除灵敏测试成绩外,其他各项测试指标的成绩均没有显著性提高。结论:6周复合式对照训练可以有效提高高校高水平男子足球运动员的下肢爆发力,建议在高校高水平男子足球运动员的训练计划中增加复合式对照训练内容。
关键词:  复合式对照训练  高校足球运动员  下肢爆发力
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-12-05
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“长三角公共体育服务一体化发展研究”(20BTY074)
Effects of Complex Contrasting Training on the Lower Limb Explosive Force  of High-level Male Football Players in Colleges and Universities
CHEN Zhe,ZHAO Feng,HU Juan
(Ministry of Sports, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023 , China;College of Sports Industry and Leisure,Nanjing Sport Institute,Nanjing 210014 ,China)
Abstract:
Objective: The effect of adding complex contrasting training in routine football training program on the explosive power of lower limbs of high-level male football players in colleges and universities is investigated. Methods:16 participants were randomly divided into experiment group (n=8) and control group (n=8). The experiment group received complex contrasting training and conventional football training, and the control group received conventional football training. The experimental intervention lasted for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. The complex contrasting training adopts a combination of high-load resistance training and low-load enhanced training. The training content includes barbell squat combined with squat jump, Romanian hard pull combined with kettlebell swing, barbell squat combined with barbell jump. The training effects of the two groups were evaluated and compared by straight sprint (30 m), standing long jump, swing arm vertical jump and sensitivity test (T type). Results: After six weeks of training, the scores of each test index in the experiment group were significantly improved. In the control group, except for the sensitivity test score, the scores of other test indexes were not significantly improved. Conclusion: Six-week complex contrasting training can effectively improve the lower limb explosive force of high-level male football players in colleges and universities. It is suggested that the complex contrasting training content should be added to the training plan of high-level male football players in colleges and universities.
Key words:  complex contrasting training  football players in colleges and universities  lower limb explosive power

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