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男子青少年高尔夫球员一号木挥杆技术分析
刘恒,赵紫龙,牛幼美,王铭浩,王孜尘,杨宗元,王泽峰,展更豪
(首都体育学院,北京 100191;河北体育学院,石家庄 050041;国家体育总局 体育科学研究所,北京 100061)
摘要:
目的:探究青少年高尔夫球员一号木挥杆技术特点,为科学训练提供理论参考。方法:应用Myswing Golf、Flight Scope Xi和Myswing Balance等设备,对20名男子青少年球员(A组12~15岁和B组8~11岁)一号木挥杆技术数据进行采集和分析。结果:①A组挥速、击球效率、球速和击球距离均显著高于B组,起飞角度显著小于B组(P<0.05)。②上杆顶点和最大内收时刻,前手立腕角与起飞角正相关(P<0.05);各时刻前臂内收角皆与挥速负相关(P<0.05)。③上杆顶点时刻,躯干前倾角与击球距离正相关(P<0.05),各时刻侧倾角与击球距离负相关(P<0.05)。④上杆顶点胸腔旋转角与击球距离、挥速正相关(P<0.05),击球瞬间两组球员胸腔旋转角、骨盆旋转角皆具有显著性差异(P<0.05)。⑤两组的启动顺序和峰值顺序正确率均较低,击球瞬间,左侧足底压力与击球距离和挥速正相关(P<0.05)。结论:①A组挥速、击球效率、球速、起飞角度和击球距离均优于B组;②A组在各挥杆阶段均保持较小的前臂内收角和合理的躯干右倾角,击球瞬间骨盆上移,有利于增加开球距离;③B组在下挥杆阶段表现出较大的前手立腕角,产生了较大的起飞角度,击球瞬间胸腔、骨盆转动过度,降低了击球效率。④动力链错误方面,A组主要将胸腔作为第一启动点,而B组则是球杆先于前臂启动。
关键词:  青少年  高尔夫球  全挥杆  一号木
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-12-18
基金项目:国家体育总局体育科学研究所基本科研业务费资助项目(基本22-09)
Analysis of the Technique of Driver Swing of Male Junior Golfer
LIU Heng,ZHAO Zilong,NIU Youmei,WANG Minghao,WANG Zichen,YANG Zongyuan,WANG Zefeng,ZHAN Genghao
(Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191 , China;Hebei Sport University, Shijiazhuang 050041 , China;China Institute of Sport Science, General Administration of Sport of China, Beijing 100061 , China)
Abstract:
Objective: This paper explores the technical characteristics of junior golfers’ driver swings to provide theoretical reference for scientific training of the junior golf. Methods: Myswing Golf, Flight Scope Xi and Myswing Balance were applied to collect and analyze the technical data of driver swings of 20 male junior players (Group A: 12~15 years old and Group B: 8~11 years old, 10 players each). Results: ① Swing speed, hitting efficiency, ball speed and hitting distance of group A were significantly higher than those of group B , and the take-off angle was significantly lower than that of group B (P<0.05).② At the top of the backswing and at the moment of maximum adduction, the forehand stance wrist angle was positively correlated with the take-off angle (P<0.05); the forearm adduction angle was negatively correlated with the swing speed at all moments (P<0.05). ③ At the top of the backswing, the torso anteversion angle was positively correlated with the hitting distance (P<0.05), and the lateral inclination angle was negatively correlated with the hitting distance at all moments (P<0.05). ④ The thoracic rotation angle at the top of the backswing was positively correlated with the hitting distance and swing speed (P<0.05), and the thoracic rotation angle and pelvic angle rotation of the two groups of players at the moment of hitting the ball were all significantly different (P<0.05). ⑤ The correct rates of the starting sequence and the peak sequence of the two groups were low. At the moment of hitting the ball, the left plantar pressure was positively correlated with the hitting distance and swing speed (P<0.05). Conclusions: ①The swing speed, batting efficiency, ball speed, take-off angle and batting distance of group A were better than those of group B. ② Group A maintained a smaller forearm inward angle and reasonable torso right tilt angle in all swing phases, and the pelvis shifted upward at the moment of hitting the ball, which was favorable for the distance of the drive. ③ Group B exhibited a larger forehand stance wrist angle in the downswing phase, which produced a greater take-off angle, and excessive thoracic and pelvic rotation at the moment of hitting the ball, which reduced the efficiency of hitting the ball. ④In terms of power chain error, group A mainly took the chest as the first starting point, while group B started the club before the forearm.
Key words:  junior  golf  full swing  Driver

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