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近代中国体育的现代化进程研究
赵峰,张玉,付爽,梅茂荣
(南京财经大学 体育部,南京 210023;齐鲁师范学院 体育学院,济南 250200)
摘要:
运用文献资料法和历史分析法,基于“国家与社会”的分析框架,分析近代中国体育的发展过程。采用“三分法”的体育划分方式,对近代中国现代化进程中的学校体育、竞技体育和大众体育的发展特点进行考察。认为,近代中国体育的发展主要得益于国家的建构性力量,尤其在学校体育的发展上,这是清政府针对当时社会现实状况而做出的适当改变。学校体育以兵操为主要内容,是政府政治目的在学校体育实践中的具体体现。在动荡时期,社会权力兴起,但其主张和行动也需要国家支持。竞技体育和大众体育的发展受学校体育影响巨大。由于在民族国家荣誉维护和强国保种上有着共同的诉求,国家与社会在促进体育的发展上存在一致性。
关键词:  近代体育  现代化进程  国家  社会
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-11-30
基金项目:2022年度江苏高校哲学社会科学研究一般项目“体育非物质文化遗产保护和活化利用的‘江苏模式’研究”(2022SJYB0292)
Research on the Modernization Process of Modern Chinese Sports
ZHAO Feng,ZHANG Yu,FU Shuang,MEI Maorong
(Ministry of Sports, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023 , China;College of Physical Education, Qilu Normal University, Jinan 250200 , China)
Abstract:
By using the methods of literature and historical analysis, based on the analysis framework of “state and society”, this paper analyzes the development process of modern Chinese sports. The development characteristics of school sports, competitive sports and mass sports in the process of modernization in modern China were investigated by using the “trichotomy” sports division method. It is believed that the development of modern Chinese sports is mainly due to the constructive power of the state, especially in the development of school sports, which is an appropriate change made by the Qing government in view of the social reality at that time. The main content of school physical education is military gymnastics, which is the concrete embodiment of the government’s political purpose in the practice of school physical education. In turbulent times, social power rises, but its claims and actions also need state support. The development of competitive sports and mass sports is greatly influenced by school sports. Due to the common aspirations in the maintenance of national honor and the preservation of powerful countries, there is consistency between the state and society in promoting the development of sports.
Key words:  modern sports  modernization process  country  society

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