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足球原始——现代社会中的动物美学
路云亭
(上海体育大学 新闻与传播学院,上海 200438)
摘要:
足球是史前文明的再现品,却可以准确诠释世界的本然理路,其中不乏对生物狩猎行为的象征性展示意义。从文化学的角度看,现代足球如同一种关于人类终极价值的演示符号。足球还是一种针对人类狩猎行为的写意性模仿过程,其群体游戏的框架内蕴含有当今职业分工的整体寓意。绝大多数的动物无法进行生产性劳作,其生存技能寄寓于如何获取食物的层面,生物世界中的食物链就此构成,足球展示的便是食物链的动态惯性。足球的生物性指标就此确立。生物链只奖励优胜者,而优胜者还可以进化为一种重新定义自由的物种。生物世界中的优胜者才可以获得真正的自由,但是,自由并非为所欲为,而仅是一种摆脱非常态束缚的仪式化程序。足球越过了狩猎社会、牧业社会与农耕文明的障碍,成型于工业化社会,定格在信息化时代。现代足球已成为工业化、信息化社会的一种休闲资源,其以丰富而充满独创性的动作语汇为表征,现代足球借此机会深刻干预人类社会的生活秩序,且已然成为人类全方位地探究人与动物关系的真实载体。
关键词:  现代足球  原始主义  动物哲学  狩猎原型  模仿原理
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-07-10
基金项目:
Football Primitive ——Animal Aesthetics in Modern Society
LU Yunting
(School of Journalism and Communication, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438 , China)
Abstract:
Football is a reproduction of prehistoric civilization, but it can accurately interpret the natural way of the world, including the symbolic display of all biological hunting behaviors. From a cultural point of view, modern football is like a symbol of the ultimate value of human beings. Football is also a freehand imitation process for human hunting behavior. The framework of its group games contains the overall meaning of today’s professional division of labor. The vast majority of animals cannot carry out productive work, and their survival skills are based on how to obtain food. The food chain in the biological world is composed of this, and football shows the dynamic inertia of the food chain. The biological index of football is established. The biological chain only rewards the winner, and the winner can also evolve into a species that redefines freedom. The winners in the biological world can obtain real freedom, but freedom is not to do what they want, but only a ritualized procedure to get rid of the abnormal constraints. Football has crossed the obstacles of hunting society, animal husbandry society and farming civilization, formed in industrialized society and settled in the information age. Modern football has become a kind of leisure resource in industrialized and information society. It is characterized by rich and original action vocabulary. Modern football takes this opportunity to deeply intervene in the life order of human society, and has become a real carrier for human beings to explore the relationship between human and animals in an all-round way.
Key words:  modern football  primitivism  animal philosophy  hunting prototypes  imitation principle

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