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GDPR在世界反兴奋剂机构数据跨境转移中适用的法律分析——基于WADCGDPR的规定
李亚南
(中共江苏省委党校 法政教研部,南京 210009)
摘要:
在数据时代背景下,反兴奋剂数据跨境转移已成为反兴奋剂领域的新趋势。世界反兴奋剂机构(WADA)进行数据跨境转移有利于全球范围内的反兴奋剂管制、教育、研究,符合公共利益的要求,具备合理性和合法性基础,但依然会对运动员个人数据权利和国家数据主权带来潜在风险。在《通用数据保护条例》语境下,WADA可以通过“在充分条件基础上的转移”和“遵守适当保障措施的转移”2种方式进行数据跨境转移,但鉴于二者存在的缺陷,还需要从EDPB数据跨境转移机制、最小范围原则、告知义务等方面对WADA数据跨境转移加以限制。我国应合理借鉴相关经验,推进反兴奋剂数据转移立法,完善反兴奋剂数据行业规范,加强反兴奋剂领域国际合作。
关键词:  反兴奋剂  数据保护  数据跨境转移  GDPR  WADC
DOI:
基金项目:
Legal Analysis of GDPR ’s Application in Cross-border Data Transfer of World Anti-Doping Agency——Based on Regulations of WADC and GDPR
LI Yanan
(Department of Law and Politics,Party School of C.P.C.Jiangsu Committee,Nanjing 210009 ,China)
Abstract:
In the context of the data age, cross-border transfer of anti-doping data has become a new trend in the field of anti-doping. The cross-border transfer of data by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is conducive to anti-doping control, education, and research worldwide, which meets the requirements of the public interest and has a basis for rationality and legitimacy, but it still poses potential risks to athletes’ personal data rights and national data sovereignty. In the context of the General Data Protection Regulation(GDPR), WADA can conduct data cross-border transfer through two ways, including “transfer on the basis of sufficient conditions” and “transfer in compliance with appropriate safeguards”. However, in view of the shortcomings of the two ways, it is necessary to restrict the cross-border transfer of WADA data from the aspects of EDPB data cross-border transfer mechanism, principle of minimum scope and notification obligation. China should reasonably learn from relevant experience, promote anti-doping data transfer legislation, improve anti-doping data industry norms, and strengthen international cooperation in the field of anti-doping.
Key words:  anti-doping  data protection  cross-border data transfer  GDPR  WADC

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