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体育素养构成体系、测评与培养:威尔士的经验与启示
孟涵,尹志华,田恒行,刘艳
0
(华东师范大学 体育与健康学院,上海 200241;清华大学 体育学博士后流动站,北京 100084;北京体育大学 中国篮球运动学院,北京 100084)
摘要:
通过对威尔士体育素养构成体系、测评与培养等经验的分析,为促进我国体育素养发展提供借鉴。威尔士将体育素养精炼为2个公式表达,划分不同的体育素养发展阶段并提出相应要求,使用学校体育调查项目(SWSSS)和身体能力测评工具(DC)联合进行体育素养测评。该测评打破了孤立的测评局限,弱化了绝对化竞争。威尔士在强调“强基础、重强化、全方位”三原则的基础上,提出了注重体育素养培养的连贯性与发展性,打造“家—校—社区”的体育素养培养生态圈,将体育素养融入日常学习生活中的体育素养培养策略。在此基础上提出,我国应制订“宏观—中观—微观”的体育素养政策体系,构建适合中国国情的体育素养理论框架,形成覆盖弱势群体的体育素养培养策略,开发本土需要的体育素养测评体系。
关键词:  威尔士  学校体育  体育素养  体系  培养  测评  启示
DOI:
基金项目:国家社科基金后期资助一般项目(21FTYB006);中国教育学会教育科研体育与卫生专项一般课题(2020TY093117ZB);中国体育科学学会“高校体育与健康教育课程建设专项课题”重点项目(2021001)
The System, Evaluation and Cultivation of Physical Literacy: Welsh Experience and Enlightenment
MENG Han,YIN Zhihua,TIAN Hengxing,LIU Yan
(College of Physical Education and Health,East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 ,China;Postdoctoral mobile station of Physical Education,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084 ,China;China Basketball College,Beijing Sport University,Beijing 100084 ,China)
Abstract:
Through the analysis of the composition system, evaluation and training of Welsh physical literacy, it provides reference for promoting the development of physical literacy in China. Wales refines physical literacy into two formulas, divided into different stages of physical literacy development and put forward corresponding requirements, and uses a survey called Sport Wales School Sport Survey (SWSSS) and a physical ability evaluation tool called Dragon Challenge (DC) for the joint physical literacy assessment. This evaluation breaks the isolated evaluation limitation and weakens the absolute competition. On the basis of emphasizing the three principles of “strengthening foundation, emphasis on strengthening and all-round training”, Wales puts forward the strategy of emphasizing the coherence and development of physical literacy training, creates a “home-school-community” physical literacy training ecosystem, and integrates physical literacy into daily learning and life. On this basis, it is proposed that China should formulate a “macro-medium-micro” sports literacy policy system, build a sports literacy theoretical framework suitable for China ’s national conditions, form a sports literacy training strategy covering vulnerable groups, and develop a sports literacy evaluation system for local needs.
Key words:  Wales  school sport  physical literacy  system  training  evaluation  inspiration

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