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广义梯度理论视阈下我国青少年校园足球协调发展研究
张少杰,杨献南,赵传涛
0
(北京师范大学 体育与运动学院,北京 100875)
摘要:
校园足球协调发展是实现其高质量发展的关键。采用文献资料、专家访谈及逻辑分析等方法,基于广义梯度理论框架,对我国校园足球发展的问题及其成因进行深入剖析,并提出针对性的策略选择。认为,我国校园足球发展虽已取得良好的成效,但仍存在条件保障资源总量偏低、地区配置不平衡;教育教学与竞赛发展水平地区差距明显;生态结构不协调等制约校园足球协调发展的问题。提出,在保障资源平衡方面,要多渠道扩充足球师资总量,改善足球教师成长环境;鼓励引导社会资本投入,提高财政经费分配的科学性;场地建设实施“逆梯度”调整,推动场地共享利用与协同布局。在缩小发展差距方面,可通过线上学习缩小教学差距,加强足球校本教材研发与应用;提高校园足球特色学校校长的足球文化认同,推动校企合作助力竞技人才培养。在优化足球生态结构方面,应因地制宜实施校园足球特色学校的遴选与布局,科学分配训练营的创建指标;树立长远发展理念,强化校园足球特色学校在不同学段的有机衔接。
关键词:  广义梯度理论  校园足球  协调发展  高质量
DOI:
基金项目:福建省社会科学基金项目“新时代体教融合背景下我国青少年体育公共服务协同治理研究”(FJ2021B140);北京市校园足球运动协会专项委托项目“北京市足球特色幼儿园现状调查与推进策略研究”;中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“校长引领校园足球特色学校发展的动力、困境与出路”(2018NTSS28)
Research on the Coordinated Development of Youth Campus Football in China from the Perspective of Generalized Gradient Theory
ZHANG Shaojie,YANG Xiannan,ZHAO Chuantao
(College of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 ,China)
Abstract:
The coordinated development of campus football is the key to achieving its high-quality development. By using the methods of literature review, expert interview and logical analysis, based on the framework of generalized gradient theory, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the problems and causes of the development of campus football in China, and puts forward targeted strategic choices. The results show that although the development of campus football in China has achieved good results, there are still some problems, such as low total resources, unbalanced regional allocation, obvious regional gap between the development level of education and competition and disharmonious ecological structure, which restricts the coordinated development of campus football. In terms of ensuring resource balance, it is necessary to expand the total number of football teachers through multiple channels, improve the growth environment of football teachers, encourage and guide social capital investment, improve the scientificity of financial allocation, implement “reverse gradient” adjustment and promote sports venue sharing and collaborative layout. In narrowing the development gap, several measures can be used to narrow the teaching gap, such as online learning, strengthening the development and application of football school-based teaching materials, improving the football cultural identity of school principals with campus football characteristics, and promoting school-enterprise cooperation to help cultivate competitive talents. In optimizing the aspects of football ecological structure, the selection and layout of campus football characteristic schools should be implemented; the creation index of training camp should be scientifically allocated; the concept of long-term development in different phase of study should be strengthened.
Key words:  generalized gradient theory  campus football  coordinated development  high-quality

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