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优秀男子乒乓球选手前三板技战术转化结构与区域研究
刘永立
0
(北京交通运输职业学院,北京100096)
摘要:
现有的乒乓球技战术研究更多是对单一技战术指标的分析,对技战术组合结构与落点区域一体化方面的探讨较少,割裂了技战术体系运用的整体性。以乒乓球落点区域为视角,运用文献资料法、录像观察法和数理统计法,对我国优秀男子选手前三板技战术转化结构与落点区域进行研究,以揭示技战术转化的一般规律。结果发现:前三板技战术转化以控制-进攻转化为主,控制-控制转化为辅;从得分率来看,控制-进攻转化效果最佳;控制-进攻转化主要集中在控制对方近网区域后第3板在中路和半出台区域转化进攻衔接;控制-控制转化密集分布在近网区域。
关键词:  男子乒乓球  前三板  技战术转化结构  战术区域
DOI:
基金项目:河南省教育科学“十三五”规划课题“高校小球(乒、羽、网)选项课教学范式改革研究”(2019 JKGHYB 0085);河南财经政法大学2019年校级教育教学改革研究与实践项目“乒乓球专项课四段指标教学模式的建构与实践应用研究”(2019 19)
Research on the Structure and Region of Technical and Tactical Transformation of Elite Male Table Tennis Players in the First Three Boards
LIU Yongli
(Beijing Vocational Transportation College, Beijing 100096, China)
Abstract:
The existing studies on table tennis techniques and tactics are more about the analysis of single tactical indexes than the tactical combination structure and the regional integration of placement in the tactical system, which separates the integrity of the technical and tactical system. From the perspective of placement, this paper studies the technical and tactical transformation structure and placement of the first three strokes of Chinese elite male players by the methods of literature, video observation and mathematical statistics. The aim is to reveal the general law of the technical and tactical transformation structure. The results show that in the first three strokes, the structure of controlattack transformation is the main one, and the structure of controlcontrol transformation is the auxiliary one. The effect of controlattack transformation is the best from the point of view of scoring rate. The controlattack transformation mainly focuses on the convergence of the attack of the third stroke in the middle and half from the table after controlling the opponent’s net zone. Controlcontrol transformation mainly focuses on the middle area of the net zone.
Key words:  men’s table tennis  the first three strokes  technical and tactical transformation structure  tactical area

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