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体育赛事盗播行为的类型化及其二元法律规制
白睿成
(上海财经大学 法学院,上海200433)
摘要:
体育赛事盗播案件裁判结果的诸多乱象,源于相关法律规范的缺位与法院对案件事实的忽视。不同案件在基础事实的构造上存在差异,应依据不同的案情来合理确定规制盗播行为的模式。根据赛事转播权的内容、侵权发生时段与损害程度,可将盗播行为分为盗取直播、延播的行为与盗取录播、点播的行为。基于不同盗播行为侵害的利益类型不同,设置二元法律规制模式。对于前者,目前可通过适用《侵权责任法》一般条款与不当得利制度予以规制,以避免赛事盗播案件向《反不正当竞争法》一般条款的逃逸;对于后者,可通过《著作权法》进行规制,法院应尽可能地肯定赛事画面具有独创性,以彰显支持赛事转播产业的司法态度。
关键词:  体育赛事  盗播行为  信号  画面  类型化
DOI:
基金项目:
The Classification and Dual Legal Regulation of Illegal Broadcasting of Sports Events
BAI Ruicheng
(School of Law,Shanghai University of Finance and Economics,Shanghai 200433,China)
Abstract:
The confusion of the judgment results of the cases of illegal broadcasting of sports events stems from the absence of relevant laws and regulations and the neglect of the facts of the cases by the court. There are differences in the structure of basic facts in different cases, so we should reasonably determine the mode of regulating illegal broadcasting according to different cases. According to the content of the broadcast right, the period of infringement and the degree of damage, the behavior of illegal broadcast can be divided into stealing live broadcast, delaying broadcast and stealing recording and broadcasting on demand. Based on different types of interests infringed by different illegal broadcasting acts, the dual legal regulation mode is set up. The former can be regulated by applying the general provisions of Tort Liability Law and unjust enrichment system to avoid the escape from the general provisions of the Anti Unfair Competition Law. The latter can be regulated by Copyright Law. The court should affirm the originality of the game picture as much as possible, so as to show the judicial attitude of supporting the event broadcasting industry.
Key words:  sports events  illegal broadcast behavior  signal  picture  type

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