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人类动作发展研究述评: 概念、发展历程与研究范式
何丽
0
(1.华侨大学 体育学院 2.华侨大学 体育与健康研究中心)
摘要:
人类动作发展研究对于人类的成长和发展有着重要作用,其研究始于18世纪中后期。人类动作发展研究可分为四大阶段,分别为主要对动作行为进行记录与描述的萌芽阶段(1787—1928年)、伴随着发展心理学发展而发展的形成阶段(1928—1946年)、从结果导向向过程导向过渡的逐渐成熟阶段(1946—1970年)、多学科理论应用的蓬勃发展阶段(1970年至今)。人类动作发展研究目前广泛采用的横断面研究法和纵向研究法均存在一定弊端,指出采用时间序列分析法和序贯分析法更有效可靠,但也应根据研究目的选择适合的研究方法。人类动作发展研究在不同的发展阶段从研究对象、研究范式和理论导向上都表现出不同的特点,未来应加强动作发展的形成机制研究、动作发展的全生命阶段研究、训练和教育对运动发展的干预研究,以及从教育学的视角探讨动作发展与体育和教育的关系。
关键词:  人类动作发展;概念;发展历程;研究范式;展望
DOI:
基金项目:华侨大学人文社会科学研究基地资金资助项目;华侨大学研究生科研创新基金资助项目
A Review of Human Motor Development:Concept,History and Research Paradigm
HE Li
(1.School of Physical Education, Huaqiao University 2.Sport and Health Research Center, Huaqiao University)
Abstract:
The study of human motor development plays an important role in human growth and development, which began in the middle and late 18th century. The study of human motor development can be divided into four stages: the embryonic stage (1787—1928),in which motor behavior were recorded and described, the formative stage (1928—1946) accompanied by the development of psychology, the gradual mature stage (1946—1970) in which transition from resultoriented to processoriented took place, and the flourishing stage with application of multidisciplinary theory (1970 till now). There are some drawbacks in the crosssectional and longitudinal research methods widely used in the study of human motor development. It is pointed out that chronological analysis and sequential analysis are more effective and reliable, but appropriate research methods should be selected according to research purposes. The study of human motor development shows different characteristics in different stages of development from the object of study, research paradigm and theoretical orientation. In the future, we should strengthen the study of the formation mechanism of motor development, the study of life stage of motor development, the intervention study of training and education on motor development, and discussion on the relationship between motor development and sports and education from the perspective of pedagogy.
Key words:  human motor development; concept; development process; research paradigm; prospect

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