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成长于启蒙时代的中国球迷
路云亭
0
(上海体育学院 传媒与艺术学院)
摘要:
早期中国球迷出现于20世纪初至40年代,属于中产阶级球迷群。这一时期的足球属于自然足球,观众为城市富有阶层,观球风气大致与观剧类似。20世纪50年代至80年代的中国足球大体隶属于苏联的体育体制,球员温文尔雅,观众和和气气。这一阶段足球大体属于道德时代的足球。1994年至当下属于普世性的商业足球时代,观众群体的表现也有多维度的特性。苏联体制时代的足球属于善的足球,观球是一种社会福利,而非商业需求。1994年以后的中国足球属于一种恶的足球,高度的商业化使得球迷的心智时常抵达极限临界点。中国的文化觉醒始发于20世纪80年代早期,中国球迷的心理大体成熟于20世纪90年代末,中国足球从此告别了道德时代,步入一种法制足球的新纪元。
关键词:  中国球迷;启蒙时代;观者文化;镜像
DOI:
基金项目:
Chinese Fans Growing up in the Enlightenment Era
LU Yunting
(School of Media and Arts, Shanghai University of Sport)
Abstract:
Early Chinese fans appeared in the early 20th century to the 1940s, belonging to the middle class. Football in this period belonged to natural football. The audience was rich in the city. The atmosphere of watching football was similar to that of watching plays. From 1950s to 1980s, Chinese football was generally subordinate to the sports system of the Soviet Union. The players were gentle and elegant, and the audience was friendly. Football in this stage belonged to the moral era. From 1994 to the present age of commercial football, which belongs to the universality, the performance of audience groups also has multidimensional characteristics. Football in the Soviet system era was football of goodwill. Watching football is a kind of social welfare, not a commercial demand. Since 1994, Chinese football has been switched into football of wickedness. The highly commercialized football has made the fans’ mind reach the critical point from time to time. China’s cultural awakening began in the early 1980s, and the psychology of Chinese fans was generally mature in the late 1990s. Chinese football has since departed from the moral era and entered a new era of rule of law.
Key words:  Chinese fans; enlightenment era; spectators’ culture; image

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