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2022年冬奥会赛事转播权保护问题研究
吴文斌
0
(中央财经大学 法学院)
摘要:
体育赛事转播侵权事件频发,随着2022年北京冬季奥运会的临近,如何更好地保护冬奥会赛事转播权成为各界关注的焦点。对冬奥会赛事转播权包含的两个层次的权利进行分析、比较,并总结了欧盟、美国、日本在体育赛事转播权方面的保护经验。由于立法倾向的不同,体育赛事转播在世界各地的保护方式亦有不同。因对体育赛事转播的独创性判定标准不同,大陆法系国家倾向于否定体育赛事节目的作品特性,而英美法系国家倾向于肯定其作品特性。结合国内司法实践,分析了通过《著作权法》以作品或录像制品的方式及《反不正当竞争法》保护均各有利弊,指出应扩大广播组织权的范围,加强对广播信号的保护,加强权利人的自我救济及市场监管部门的行政救济,为更好保护2022年冬奥会赛事转播相关权益提供借鉴。
关键词:  冬奥会;体育赛事;转播权;著作权;作品;录像制品;广播组织权
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on Protection of Broadcast Right of Winter Olympic Games in 2022
WU Wenbin
(School of Laws, Central University of Finance and Economics)
Abstract:
Sports events broadcasting infringement incidents occur frequently. With the approaching of Beijing Winter Olympic Games in 2022, how to better protect the rights of sports events broadcasting has become the focus of all communities. This paper analyses and compares the two levels of rights contained in the broadcasting right of the Winter Olympic Games, and summarizes the protection experience of the broadcasting right of the European Union, the United States and Japan in sports events. Due to the different legislative tendencies, the protection ways of sports events broadcasting are different all over the world. Because of the different criteria for judging the originality of sports events broadcasting, countries of civil law system tend to deny the work feature of sports events programs, while common law countries tend to affirm it. Combining with domestic judicial practice, this paper analyses the advantages and disadvantages of copyright law in the form of works or videos and the protection by antiunfair competition law, and points out that the scope of broadcasting organizational right should be expanded, the protection of broadcasting signals should be strengthened, the selfrelief of rights holders and the administrative relief of market supervision departments should be strengthened, so as to provide reference for the protection of the rights and interests related to the broadcasting of the 2022 Winter Olympic Games.
Key words:  Winter Olympic Games; sports events; broadcasting rights; copyright; works; video products; broadcasting organizational rights

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