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现代功能训练对少年女排专项基础训练的启示
刘新会
0
(石家庄市体育局 石家庄市少年儿童业余体育学校)
摘要:
先进、科学的训练理念与内容安排是排球运动员顺利成长成材的重要保障。功能训练由于其强调动作训练、关注动作完成质量与保护身体弱链的理念,以及对降低运动损伤、发挥和挖掘竞技潜能等方面的积极效果,越来越引起广大基层教练员的关注。通过文献资料法与逻辑分析法,就少年女排专项基础阶段的专项技术与体能训练如何借鉴功能训练理念,实现专项基础阶段训练的“全面化”与“专项化”协调统一发展进行探讨。发现“以动作练习发展肌肉”的功能动作训练与功能力量训练,将单一化的专项技术练习转化为多样性的功能动作训练,尤其适合发展少年女排运动员专项所需的协调能力、灵敏素质与力量素质,为保证实现“规范基本技术、夯实基本功”的训练目标提供了科学的训练方法参考。
关键词:  专项基础训练;少年女排;功能训练;动作训练;专项技术
DOI:
基金项目:
The Enlightenment of Modern Functional Training on Juvenile Women’s Volleyball Training of Special Foundation
LIU Xinhui
(Shijiazhuang Children’s Amateur Sports School, Sports Bureau of Shijiazhuang)
Abstract:
Advanced and scientific training concepts and content arrangement are important guarantees for the smooth growth of volleyball players. Functional training has attracted more and more attention from grassroots coaches because of its positive effect based on emphasizing movement training, the quality of movement completion, and the concept of protecting the body’s weak chains, as well as reducing sports injuries and motivating competitive potential. Through methods of literature and logic analysis, how to apply the functional training concept in the specialized technical and physical training of the juvenile women’s volleyball team, and how to realize the coordinated development of the “comprehensive” and “specialized” of the basic stage training are analyszed. It finds out that the functional movement training and functional strength training of “developing muscles with movement” transforms the singular specialized technical exercises into diverse functional movement training, especially suitable for developing the coordination ability, sensitive quality and strength required by the juvenile women’s volleyball athletes. This study provides a scientific training method as a reference for ensuring the training objectives of “standardizing basic technique and solidifying basic skills”.
Key words:  specialized basic training; juvenile women’s volleyball; functional training; movement training; specialized technique

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