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权力技术与主体建构:学前体育的社会学解释框架
吴军霞,韩志芳,李荣瑶,赵保丽
(河北体育学院 运动训练系,石家庄 050041;河北体育学院 社科部,石家庄 050041;河北体育学院 学校体育系,石家庄 050041)
摘要:
学前体育是“幼有所育”“幼有优育”的重要内容与形式,对学前体育政策工具与主体实践的理解是认识学前体育本质内涵与价值指向的重要逻辑起点。借助福柯的权力谱系分析学前体育作为一项“权力技术”如何实现自身成为学前教育的日常化活动,同时论证作为学前体育实践的主体和客体的统一体,幼儿如何借助“自我技术”实现自身主体的建构,以说明学前体育作为国民教育体系的重要组成部分,其终极价值取向是促进儿童的全面发展。认为,在全面推进健康中国的大背景下,学前体育要遵循提升政策引导力、提升科研助推力和提升师资培养力的发展路径。
关键词:  学前体育  权力技术  主体建构  政策文件  科学研究  师资培养
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-12-30
基金项目:河北省高等教育教学改革研究项目“高等院校学前体育师资培养的理论与实践研究”(2020GJJG275)
Power Technology and Subject Construction: The Sociological  Interpretation Framework of Preschool Physical Education
WU Junxia,HAN Zhifang,LI Rongyao,ZHAO Baoli
(Department of Sports Training,Hebei Sport University,Shijiazhuang 050041 ,China;Department of Social Sciences,Hebei Sport University, Shijiazhuang 050041 ,China;Department of Physical Education,Hebei Sport University,Shijiazhuang 050041 ,China)
Abstract:
Preschool physical education is an important content and form of “preschool education” and “superior preschool education”. The understanding of preschool physical education policy tools and subject practice is an important logical starting point for understanding the essential connotation and value orientation of preschool physical education. With the help of Foucault’s power pedigree, this paper analyzes how preschool physical education, as a “power technology”, realizes itself as a daily activity of preschool education. At the same time, it demonstrates how children, as the unity of the subject and object of preschool physical education practice, realize the construction of their own subject with the help of “self-technology”, so as to illustrate that preschool physical education is an important part of the national education system, and its ultimate value orientation is to promote the all-round development of children. It is believed that under the background of comprehensively promoting healthy China, preschool physical education should follow the development path of improving policy guidance, enhancing scientific impetus and improving teacher training.
Key words:  preschool physical education  power technology  subject construction  policy documents  scientific research  teacher training

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