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大数据嵌入政府购买体育公共服务的 内在机理与实践进路
吉鹏
(盐城师范学院 历史与公共管理学院,江苏 盐城224007)
摘要:
运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,对大数据嵌入政府购买体育公共服务问题进行研究。认为,政府购买体育公共服务可以有效促进政府职能转变,提升供给服务水平与效率,但在实践中,存在着政府识别需求不精准,提供的服务和民众实际需求之间存在偏差与错位;政府购买决策随意化、经验化、粗放化,以上级任务为导向,各类信息不透明,民众参与度不高;监督管理机制不健全,监管形式化、空心化、碎片化等问题。指出,引入大数据技术有助于实现体育公共服务需求的精准识别,购买方案的精准决策,购买与供给全过程的精准监管。当前应加强政府购买体育公共服务大数据平台建设,完善不同主体间体育大数据的协同共享机制,强化政府部门与体育社会组织人员的大数据培训,健全体育公共服务大数据安全保护机制,为进一步提升我国体育公共服务供给质量与效率提供参考。
关键词:  大数据  政府购买  体育公共服务  需求  精准  购买决策  监督管理  数据保护
DOI:
基金项目:2019年江苏省社会科学基金一般项目“全流程视角下大数据推动政府购买公共服务精准化的实现路径研究”阶段性研究成果(19GLB011)
The Internal Mechanism and Practical Approach of Big Data Embedded in the Government’s Purchase of Sports Public Services
JI Peng
(College of History and Public Administration, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224007, China)
Abstract:
This paper studies the problem of big data embedded in the government’s purchase of sports public services using the methods of literature review and logical analysis. It is believed that the government purchase of sports public services can effectively promote the transformation of government functions and improve the level and efficiency of supply services. However, in practice, there are some problems. First, there are such problems as the government’s inaccurate identification of demand, the deviation and dislocation between the services provided by the government and the actual needs of the people. Second, the government’s purchase decisionmaking is arbitrary, experiential and extensive, all kinds of information is opaque, and the public participation is not high with the superior task as the guide. At last, the supervision and management mechanism is not perfect, and the supervision is formalized, hollow and fragmented. It is pointed out that the introduction to big data technology is conducive to the accurate identification of sports public service demand, the accurate decisionmaking of purchase scheme, and the precise supervision of the whole process of purchase and supply. At present, we should strengthen the construction of big data platform for government purchase of sports public services, improve the collaborative sharing mechanism of sports big data among different subjects, strengthen the big data training of government departments and sports social organizations, and improve the security protection mechanism of sports public service big data. The above research provides reference for further improving the quality and efficiency of sports public service supply in China.
Key words:  big data  government purchase  sports public service  demand  precision  purchase decision  supervision and management  data protection

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