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清末民初镖局推动武术发展之历史审视
吴宣廷
0
(山西师范大学 体育学院,山西 临汾041004)
摘要:
审视中国古代镖局中镖师武术的技术特征、传承传播、发展演变,能够再现早期武术发展状况,丰富武术历史研究内容,还可总结历史经验,为新时代推广武术、弘扬武术文化提供借鉴。运用文献资料法和历史分析法,就镖局对清末民初武术发展之推动作用进行分析。认为,镖局是实现武术功能职业化转型的重要组织,推动了武术的顺时代创新演变,开辟了多元的武术传播途径,稳固了师徒传承方式,推动了武术价值的多元化发展,促进了暗器、轻功等罕见武技的深造与传承,为“以武报国”提供了重要的物力支撑。
关键词:  镖局;武术传播;清末民初;历史;职业化;传承;价值
DOI:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“中国武艺岩画的历史文化研究”(17ATY010)
A Historical Survey of the Development of Martial Arts Promoted by Escort Agencies in the Late Qing Dynasty and the Early Republic of China
WU Xuanting
(School of Physical Education, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China)
Abstract:
Examining the technical characteristics, transmission, development and evolution of martial arts of armed escorts in ancient Chinese escort agencies can reproduce the development of early martial arts, enrich the content of martial arts history research, and summarize historical experience to provide reference for the promotion of martial arts and its culture in the new era. This paper analyzes the role of escort agencies in promoting the development of martial arts in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China by the methods of literature review and historical analysis. It is believed that escort agency is an important organization to realize the professionalization transformation of the function of martial arts, which promotes the innovation and evolution of martial arts along with the times, and opens up multiple ways of martial arts transmission. It has also stabilized the way of succession between master and apprentice, promoted the diversified development of martial arts value, promoted the further study and inheritance of rare martial arts such as hidden weapons and dodge, and provided important material support for “serving the country with martial arts”.
Key words:  escort agency; martial arts communication; late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China; history; professionalization; inheritance; value

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