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CBA球员球场暴力行为的归因研究与治理省思 ——基于互动仪式链视角
买器
0
(南京师范大学 体育科学学院,南京210023)
摘要:
运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,以互动仪式链理论为视角,从文化资本互动与情感能量互动两方面对CBA球场暴力行为的发生机制进行研究。指出,赛前与赛中的互动仪式相互联系,赛前不良的互动仪式会将负向的情感能量带入比赛,使共享情感破裂,产生球场暴力现象。球员个体间情境互动会过渡到球队群际间,暴力行为会通过互动仪式链不断扩散到其他球队。比赛中双方都存在冲突性紧张,谁能抢占情感能量主导权谁就会在博弈中占据优势地位,处于压制的一方将转化为恐惧感。恐惧与冲突性紧张塑造了暴力情景,导致了球场暴力行为的发生。提出,应规范球员行为表现,防止球员暴力惯习的形成;加强球队球员间的沟通交流,修复断裂的互动仪式链条;注重裁判执裁能力建设,维持现场球队双方情感能量的平衡;营造有序的观赛环境,激发球迷潜在的道德情感。旨在为CBA健康有序发展提供建议与参考。
关键词:  CBA;球员;暴力行为;互动仪式链;文化资本;情感能量;归因;治理
DOI:
基金项目:
A Study on the Attribution and Management of CBA Players’ Violence in Court——From the Perspective of Interactive Ceremony Chain
MAI Qi
(College of Sports Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China)
Abstract:
This paper studies the mechanism of CBA stadium violence from the interactions of cultural capital and emotional energy by means of literature and logic analysis. It is pointed out that the interaction rituals before and during the match are related to each other, and the bad interaction rituals before the match will bring negative emotional energy into the match breaking up the shared emotion and producing the phenomenon of court violence. The situation interaction between players will transition to the interteam and the violence will spread to other teams through the interaction ritual chain. Both sides are in conflict tension in the game. Whoever can seize the dominant power of emotional energy will occupy the dominant position in the game and the suppressed party will turn into a sense of fear. Fear and conflict tension shape the scene of violence leading to the occurrence of violence on the court. The following points are proposed to provide suggestions and references for the healthy and orderly development of CBA. Firstly, the behavior of the players should be standardized to prevent the formation of the violent habits of the players. Secondly, the communication between the players should be strengthened to repair the broken interactive ritual chain. Thirdly, the ability of the referee should be built to maintain the emotional energy balance between the two sides of the team. Last but not the least, an orderly watching environment should be built to stimulate the potential moral feelings of the fans. The aim is to provide suggestions and references for healthy and orderly development of CBA.
Key words:  CBA; players; violence; interactive ritual chain; cultural capital; emotional energy; attribution; governance

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