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中国武术地面格斗体系缺失原因探究
杜君鹏
0
(湖北经济学院)
摘要:
受中国武术的影响,日本柔术发展出丰富的地面格斗体系寝技,而博大精深的中国武术唯独缺失了这一部分。对此问题展开探讨,揭示其缺失的原因。认为,最初的武术是作为一种杀敌术出现的,出于有效搏杀的需要,形成了以站立式格斗为主的理念。随着时代的发展及战场上火器的应用,武术日益向民间领域和体育运动的形式发展,淡化了争斗的特性而凸显其竞技娱乐和表演功能,这为地面格斗体系的形成与发展提供了可能。但受传统习武环境、传统审美观念的影响,中国武术最终没能培育发展出自己的地面格斗体系。
关键词:  中国武术;地面格斗体系;搏杀;体育运动;习练场所;审美观念
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the Reasons for the Lack of On-ground Fighting System in Chinese Wushu
DU Jun-peng
(Hubei University of Economics)
Abstract:
Abstract:Influenced by Chinese Wushu, Japanese Jujitsu has developed abundant Newaza of ground fighting system, but the extensive and profound Chinese Wushu only lacks this part. This paper explores the problem and reveals the reasons. It is believed that the original Wushu came into being as a kind of enemy killing art. Out of the need of effective fighting, the idea of standing fighting was formed. With the development of the times and the application of firearms on the battlefield, Wushu is increasingly developing into the form of folk sports, weakening the characteristics of fighting and highlighting its competitive entertainment and performance functions, which makes it possible for the formation and development of on-round combat system. However, influenced by the traditional environment of martial arts practice and traditional aesthetic concepts, Chinese martial arts failed to cultivate and develop its own on-ground combat system.
Key words:  Chinese Wushu; on-ground fighting system; combat; sports; training venues; aesthetic concept

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