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河北皮艇运动员体能训练效果实证研究
王敬茹
0
(河北省体育科学研究所;河北省体育局)
摘要:
运用文献资料法、测试法和数理统计法,以河北省8名皮艇运动员为研究对象,全面评估运动员的体能状态,检验体能训练效果。体成分和核心力量测试均显示运动员左右侧机体力量不均衡、不对称,与日常的训练安排、训练方式方法有关,提示在今后的训练中可以阶段性测试、横向比较。无氧代谢能力测试显示,运动员具有良好的无氧工作能力,但蹬车最大转数与桨频的关系、最大功率持续时间、功率衰减率等问题,需要继续关注。平衡能力测试显示,男运动员左右脚在前后方向上的控制能力较弱,女运动员在内外方向上的平衡能力差。旨在为后续训练计划的制订提供依据。
关键词:  皮艇;体成分;核心力量;无氧能力;平衡能力;训练效果
DOI:
基金项目:河北省体育局体育科技项目
An Empirical Study on the Physical Training Effect of Kayak Athletes in Hebei
WANG Jing-ru
(Hebei Institute of Sports ScienceHebei Sports Bureau)
Abstract:
By methods of literature, testing and mathematical statistics, eight kayakers in Hebei Province are selected as the research object to comprehensively evaluate the athlete’s physical state and test the physical training effect. The body composition and core strength tests all reflect the unbalanced and asymmetrical characteristics of the physical strength between the left and right side of the athletes. They are related to the daily training arrangements and training methods, and it is suggested that phased testing and horizontal comparison shall be made in future training. The anaerobic metabolism test shows that athletes have good anaerobic capacity, but the relationship between the maximum revolution of pedaling and the tempo, the duration of the maximum power, and the attenuation rate of power need continual concerns. The balance ability test shows that the control ability on the forward and backward directions of male athlete’s right and left feet is weak, and the balance ability of the inner and outer directions of female athletes is poor. It is intended to provide a basis for the development of follow-up training programs.
Key words:  kayak; body composition; core strength; anaerobic capacity; balance ability; training effect

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