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24式太极拳足踝关节主要运动方式分析
李东岳
0
(广州大学)
摘要:
运用文献资料法、录像观察法和访谈法,根据解剖学知识,按24式太极拳套路顺序和步型转换统计足踝运动方式并进行分析,研究表明:24式太极拳中八种足踝关节运动方式都存在,其中以背伸和跖屈为主,分别占48.03%和34.50%,练习24式太极拳可改善足踝的跖屈和背伸肌肌力;但24式太极拳中足踝关节的内外翻运动方式较少,各占0.87%,可以和其他足踝运动方式编排所需组合;跖屈、背伸、内旋、外旋主要集中在丁字步和弓步转换上;提膝和仆步转换中包含六种足踝关节运动方式,其中内收和内翻为该步型转换独有。
关键词:  24式太极拳;足踝关节;运动方式;步型转换
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(11732015);2015年广东省本科高校教学质量与教学改革工程建设项目——武术系列课程教学团队;广州大学2017年高水平大学建设经费(体育学院综合预算)对外交流与合作项目之中青年教师海外培养经费资助
Analysis of the Movement Methods of the Ankle Joint in 24 Style Taijiquan
LI Dong-yue
(Guangzhou University; The Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
Abstract:
This study, combining with anatomy, investigates and analyzes the ankle joint movement methods according to the 24 style Taijiquan routine order and step type conversion using the literature review, video observation and interview methods. The results show that all the eight kinds of 24 style Taijiquan ankle joint movement methods emerge in the study, what is more, dorsiflexion (48.03%) and plantar flexion (34.50%) are the main methods which indicates that 24 style Taijiquan could improve the muscular strength of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion. Among the methods, the internal (0.87%) and external (0.87%) rotation emerge less than other methods, which could be exercised with other methods. Plantar flexion, dorsiflexion and internal and external rotation focus on the conversion between the T step and bow step. Knee lifting and crouch step include six kinds of ankle joint movement methods in which the adduction and internal rotation are the unique methods.
Key words:  24 style Taijiquan; ankle joint; movement methods; step type conversion

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