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我国中小学体育课程改革的历史回顾与发展建议
刘笑舫
0
(南阳师范学院)
摘要:
运用文献资料法、历史研究法和比较分析法,系统回顾了建国以来历次体育课程改革取得的成果。认为体育课程改革应回归体育本质,教学目标应以人为本,教学内容应丰富多样,教学方法应创新多元,课程评价应全面动态。为更好地发展我国中小学体育事业,提出要加强基础教育体制创新,打破应试教育体制的禁锢;要加强学校、家庭、社会之间的联系,形成改革合力;要不断完善多元化的体育课程评价体系,以及加强体育教师的专业化培养和继续教育。为未来中小学体育课程改革提供理论参考。
关键词:  中小学体育;课程改革;教学大纲;体育教材;评价;体制
DOI:
基金项目:
Historical Review and Development Suggestions for Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Primary and Middle Schools in China
LIU Xiao-fang
(Nanyang Normal University)
Abstract:
Based on methods of literature, historical research and comparative analysis, the achievements of the previous PE curriculum reform since the founding of the People’s Republic of China are systematically reviewed. It is believed that the reform of PE curriculum should return to the nature of sports, the teaching goal should be people-oriented, teaching content should be rich and varied, teaching methods should be innovative and diverse, curriculum evaluation should be comprehensive. In order to have a better development of the PE cause in primary and secondary schools in China, it is put forward to strengthen the innovation of the basic education system, break the imprisonment of the examination-oriented education system, strengthen the ties between school, family, and society for joint efforts, constantly improve the diversity of PE evaluation system, as well as to strengthen the professional training and continuing education of PE teachers. Providing theoretical references for the future reform of PE curriculum in primary and secondary schools is the main objective of this study.
Key words:  PE in primary and secondary schools; curriculum reform; syllabus; PE teaching textbooks; evaluation; system

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