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论公平责任原则在群众性体育运动中的适用 ——以一起健康权纠纷案为例
张罡
0
(河南大学 法学院)
摘要:
对于体育伤害纠纷事件,现有法律缺乏有效、有针对性的规定,致使不能妥善、明确地处理该类问题。通过回顾一起典型的群众性体育运动侵权案例,探讨了公平责任原则的适用路径,认为应当摒弃对公平责任原则不加区分盲目滥用的错误做法。在解决该类案件时,要对侵权构成要件进行梳理及肯定受害人参与运动的自甘风险。此外,适用公平责任原则要对其侵权行为是否合乎规则及损害程度依次进行综合考察。最后指出公平责任原则盲目适用的缺陷,提出不应让未实施侵权行为的其他参与人分担责任,如此才能更好地促进群众性体育运动的健康发展。
关键词:  公平责任原则;群众性体育运动;自甘风险;被害人同意;体育侵权;分担责任
DOI:
基金项目:
On the Applicability of Equitable Liability Principle in Mass Sports——A Case Study Based on a Dispute over Health Rights
ZHANG Gang
(School of Law, Henan University)
Abstract:
In the event of sports injury disputes, the existing law lacks effective and pertinent provisions, which may lead to improper settlement of such issues. By reviewing a typical case of mass sports infringement, the applicable path of the equitable liability principle is explored. It is concluded that we should abandon the wrong practice of indiscriminate misuse of the equitable liability principle. In settling such cases, it is necessary to sort out the components of the infringement and affirm the assumption of risk of victims participating in exercises. In addition, the application of the equitable liability principle should conduct a comprehensive inspection orderly on whether the infringement is in accordance with the rules and the degree of damage. Lastly, defects of blindly applicable equitable liability principle are pointed out. In order to get better improving effect of the healthy development of mass sports, it is proposed that other participants who have not implemented the infringement behaviors should not share liabilities.
Key words:  equitable liability principle; mass sports; assumption of risk; consent of the victim; sports infringement; shared liabilities

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